THE CHILD’S EYE
Eye examination in children are very important because healthy eyes and vision are critical in the development of a child.
What Are The Signs of Eye Problems in Children?
- Constant eye rubbing
- A white pupil instead of black
- Poor focusing
- Poor visual tracking (following an object)
- Extreme light sensitivity
- Abnormal alignment or movement of the eyes (after 6 months of age)
- Chronic tearing of the eyes
- Chronic redness of the eyes
- Being unable to see objects at a distance
- Having trouble reading the board in school
- Difficulty reading
- Sitting too close to the TV
What Are The Common Causes of Eye Problem in Children?
- Refractive Errors: Inability of the shape of the eye to refract (bend) light properly, thereby making images to appear blurred. Types of refractive Errors;
Nearsightedness is poor distant vision.
Farsightedness is poor near vision.
Astigmatism is imperfect curvature of the front surface of the eye.
- Cataract: is a clouding of the eye’s lens. The treatment is surgery. Early surgery will give the eye chance to develop properly.
- Corneal Scarring: Causes of corneal scarring include vitamin A deficiency, measles, harmful traditional practices, eye infections in newborns. Prompt treatment of eye infections and avoidance of harmful herbal medications to the eye.
- Congenital Glaucoma: is a condition that may be inherited. it is caused from incorrect or incomplete development of the eye drainage canals before birth. it can be treated with medication and surgery.
- Amblyopia: “lazy eye” is poor vision in an eye that may appear to be normal. Two common causes are crossed eyes (squint) and a difference in the refractive error between the two eyes. Amblyopia is a reversible if detected early
Strabismus: (Squint Cross Eye) is a misalignment of the eyes. The eye(s) may turn in, out up or down. If the same eye is chronically misaligned, amblyopia may also develop in that eye. With early detection, vision can be restored.
Retinoblastoma: is a malignant tumor that usually appears in the first 3 years of life. The affected eye or eyes may have visual loss and whiteness in the pupil.
Retinopathy of prematurity: This is an eye condition that affects the eyes of premature babies. This is usually treated with laser
FACTS ABOUT CHILDREN’S EYE
- Eye problems are very common in children
- If left untreated, these conditions can have a serious effect on a child’s learning
- Most childhood eye condition can be corrected or effectively treated, especially if they are detected early
- It is important for your child to have regular eye examinations.
- If you have questions regarding children’s eye health, condition or treatment options, please contact your Ophthalmologist immediately